NEET Physics Syllabus 2024: Topics, Weightage, and Preparation Tips

NEET Physics Syllabus

The NEET Physics syllabus for 2024 is a crucial roadmap for aspirants gearing up for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). This comprehensive guide outlines specific topics and chapters within Physics, providing a systematic approach to help candidates excel in the upcoming NEET exam.

Latest Update: NEET UG 2024 Updated Syllabus Released by NTA

Physics, being a strategic subject, requires careful targeting. With the release of the NEET UG 2024 Updated Syllabus by NTA, it is essential for students to thoroughly check the revised topics in the physics syllabus. While the changes are considered favorable for NEET aspirants, it is highly recommended to align strategies accordingly.

Reviewing the NTA NEET Exam 2024 syllabus should be the top priority for all medical candidates. It serves as the blueprint for the exam, outlining the subjects to cover and the relative importance of each topic. Staying updated with the syllabus helps in staying focused and filtering out unnecessary topics.

NEET Physics Syllabus Overview:

The NEET Physics syllabus for 2024 covers topics from both 11th and 12th classes, ensuring a consistent and focused approach to Physics preparation. The syllabus is designed to assess a student’s knowledge depth and their ability to apply concepts in various scenarios.

NEET Physics Syllabus 2024 Highlights:

  • Core areas covered include Mechanics, Electrodynamics, Modern Physics, and Optics.
  • In-depth exploration of Thermodynamics and Nuclear Physics to ensure a practical understanding.
  • Emphasis on assessing the depth of knowledge and application of concepts in various scenarios.

NEET Physics Syllabus 2024 – Classwise Breakdown:

Class 11 Physics Syllabus
Unit 1 – Physical world and measurement
  • Need for measurement – units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units, errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications, Least Count (newly added)
Unit 2 – Kinematics
  • Frame of reference, motion in a straight line; position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time
  • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity
  • Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components
  • Scalar and vector products of vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.
Unit 3 – Laws of Motion
  • Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road)
Unit 4 – Work, Energy and Power
  • Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
  • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit 5 – Motion of systems of particles and rigid body
  • Centre of mass of a two-particle system. Centre of mass of a rigid, Basic Concept of Rotational Motion (newly added)
  • Momentum of a force – torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
Unit 6 – Gravitation
  • Kepler’s law of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
  • Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Motion of a Satellite, Time Period and Energy of a Satellite (newly added)
Unit 7 – Properties of solids and liquids
  • Elastic behavior, stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy
  • Viscosity, Stoke’s law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications, Pressure Due to Fluid Column, Pascals Law and Its Application. Effect of Gravity on Fluid Pressure (newly added)
  • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature,thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gasses. Specific heat of capacity:Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat
  • Heat transfer – conduction, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black body radiation. Wein’s displacement law
Unit 8 – Thermodynamics
  • Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
  • Second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes.
Unit 9 – Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory
  • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
  • Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (Statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of mean free path, RMS Speed of Gas Molecules, Avogadro’s Number (newly added)
Unit 10 – Oscillations and waves
  • Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM – Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period;
  • Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode, and harmonics. Beats.


Class 12 Physics Syllabus for NEET in Detail
Serial Number Chapter Name Subtopics
1 Electrostatics Electric charges and their conservation
Coulomb’s law
Electric field due to a point charge
Electric potential and potential difference
Equipotential surfaces
Conductors and insulators
Capacitors and capacitance
Energy stored in a capacitor
2 Current Electricity Electric current and Ohm’s law
Electrical resistance and resistivity
Kirchhoff’s laws
Wheatstone bridge and potentiometer
3 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot-Savart law
Ampere’s law
Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field
Magnetic field due to a current-carrying conductor
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction
Faraday’s law
Lenz’s law
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents
Power in AC circuits
AC generator and transformer
5 Electromagnetic Waves Need for displacement current
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
Electromagnetic spectrum
6 Optics Reflection and refraction of light
Spherical mirrors and lenses
Optical instruments
Wave optics and Huygens principle
Interference and Young’s double-slit experiment


Detailed NEET Physics Syllabus 2024:

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has outlined a detailed syllabus for NEET 2024, encompassing topics from both Class 11 and Class 12 Physics. Familiarity with this syllabus is crucial for candidates to focus on relevant topics and avoid unnecessary ones.

NEET Physics syllabus 2024 weightage
Class 11 – Physics Chapters
NEET Physics Chapters & Topics NEET Physics Topic wise Questions NEET Physics Marks Distribution NEET Physics Weightage (%age)
Physical World & Measurement 4 16 8%
Dimensions of Physical Quantities 2 8
Significant figures 1 4
The International System of Units 1 4
Kinematics 3 12 6%
Motion in a Straight Line 2 8
Motion in a plane 1 4
Laws of Motion 1 4 2%
Conservation of Momentum 1 4
Work Energy & Power 1 4 2%
Motion of system of Particles and Rigid Body 3 12 6%
Angular Velocity 1 4
Centre of Mass 1 4
Moment of Inertia 1 4
Gravitation 1 4 2%
Acceleration Due To Gravity Of The Earth 1 4
Properties of Bulk Matter 3 12 6%
Surface Tension 1 4
Viscosity 1 4
Elastic Moduli 1 4
Thermodynamics 1 4 2%
Kinetic Theory of Gases 1 4 2%
Oscillation and Wave 2 8 4%
Some Systems Executing Simple Harmonic Motion 1 4
Transverse and Longitudinal Waves 1 4
NEET Physics Questions & Weightage from Class 11 20 80 40%
Class 12 – Physics Chapters
Electrostatics 4 20 8%
Electric Dipole 1 4
Electrostatic Potential 1 4
Energy Stored in a Capacitor 1 4
Equipotential Surfaces 1 4
Current electricity 5 20 10%
Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity 1 4
Electrical Energy, Power 2 8
Temperature Dependence of Resistivity 1 4
Wheatstone Bridge 1 4
Magnetic Effects of Current & magnetism 3 12 6%
Amperes Circuital Law 1 4
BIOT-savart law 1 4
Solenoid and Toroid 1 4
Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current 4 16 8%
Faradays Law of Induction 1 4
Magnetic Flux 1 4
AC Voltage 1 4
Representation of AC Current 1 4
Electromagnetic Waves 2 8 4%
Electromagnetic Spectrum 1 4
Relation Between Electric Field, Magnetic Field and Speed of Light 1 4
Optics 4 16 8%
Refraction by Lenses 1 4
Total Internal Reflection 1 4
Interference of light wave and young’s double slit experiment 1 4
Polarization 1 4
Dual Nature of Matter & Radiation 2 8 4%
Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation 1 4
Wave Nature of matter 1 4
Atom & Nuclei 3 12 6%
Bohr Model of the Hydrogen atom 1 4
Radioactivity 1 4
Size of the Nucleus 1 4
Electronic Devices 3 12 6%
NEET Physics Questions & Weightage from Class 12 22 88 48.89
NEET Physics Questions & Weightage from Class 11 & 12 45 180 100.00


NEET Physics Syllabus Analysis:

  • Year-wise:

Exam difficulty and question count for NEET Physics Analysis for 2020, 2021, and 2022
Exam year Easy Moderate Difficult Grand Total
Questions Marks Questions Marks Questions Marks Questions Marks
NEET 2020 37 148 7 28 1 4 45 180
NEET 2021 15 60 25 100 7 28 47 188
NEET 2022 23 92 21 84 6 24 50 200
NEET 2023 34 136 14 56 2 8 50 200


  • Class-wise:

NEET 2022 Weightage – Number of questions
Class Chapter Number of questions
Class 11 Gravitation 1
Kinetic Theory 1
Law of Motion 1
Mechanical Property of Fluids 2
Mechanical Properties of Solids 1
Motion in a Plane 1
Motion in a Straight Line 2
Oscillations 1
Particle System with Rotational Motion 3
Thermodynamics 1
Unit and Measurements 4
Wave Optics 1
Wave 1
Work Energy and Power 1
11th total 21
Class 12 Alternating Current 2
Atoms 1
Current Electricity 5
Matter and Radiation Have a Dual Nature 2
Electric Charges and Fields 1
Electromagnetic induction 2
Electromagnetic Waves 2
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 3
Moving Charges and Magnetism 3
Nuclei 2
Ray Optics and Optical Instruments 2
Semiconductor Electronics:
Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Wave Optics 1
12th total 29


NEET Physics Syllabus Relevant Topics:

  • Key concepts for NEET preparation include atoms, nuclei, semiconductors, electromagnetic waves, matter, and radiation’s dual nature.
  • Focus on Thermal Physics, Electric current, Ray optics and wave optics, and Electric charges and fields.

NEET Physics Syllabus Important Chapters – Classwise:

  1. Class 11:

    • Units and measurements
    • Motion in one dimension
    • Laws of Motion
    • Work, Power and Energy
    • Gravitation
    • Heat and Thermodynamics
  2. Class 12:

    • Capacitor
    • Magnetism
    • Electromagnetic Wave
    • Electromagnetic Induction
    • Current electricity
    • Alternating current
    • Wave optics
    • Modern Physics
    • Semiconductors

NEET Physics Syllabus 2024 Best Books:

NEET Physics Syllabus Books are essential for comprehensive preparation, offering clear explanations, practice questions, and exam strategies. These books ensure a strong foundation in physics, guiding students toward success in the NEET exam.

NEET Physics Syllabus 2024 Best Books
Book Name Author
Concepts of Physics, parts 1 and 2 H C Verma
Fundamentals of Physics Halliday, Resnick, and Walker
For the medical entrance test, objective physics (volumes 1 and 2) DC Pandey
NCERT Exemplar Class 11 and 12 NA
Physics MCQ D Mukherjee




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